(fl. 2nd cent)
   Palestinian scholar. She was the wife of Meir. She is the only woman in talmudic literature whose views on legal matters were recognized by contemporary scholars.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • BERURYAH — (second century), a learned woman mentioned once in the Tosefta, and identified in the aggadot of the Talmud Bavli as the daughter of R. Hananiah b. Teradyon and wife of R. Meir . Beruryah is the only woman mentioned by name in tannaitic sources… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TALMUD, BABYLONIAN — (Heb. תַּלְמוּד בַּבְלִי), a literary work of monumental proportions (5,894 folio pages in the standard printed editions), which draws upon the totality of the spiritual, intellectual, ethical, historical, and legal traditions produced in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MEIR — (second century C.E.), tanna, one of the leaders of the post Bar Kokhba generation. Essentially a halakhist, he played a decisive part in the development of the mishnah . His main teacher was akiva , by whom he was apparently ordained (TJ, Sanh.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Meir — (fl. 2nd cent.)    Palestinian tanna. A pupil of Akiva, he was a member of the Sanhedrin at Usha after the Hadrianic persecutions. He was sometimes known as Rabbi Meir Baal ha Nes. His Mishnah was one of the main sources of the Mishnah of Judah… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • HANANIAH (Hanina) BEN TERADYON — (second century C.E.), tanna during the jabneh era, and martyr. Two halakhic precedents are brought in his name (Ta an. 2:5; Tosef. Ta anit 1:13), and a small number of explicit dicta in halakhah and aggadah are ascribed to him (Tosef. Mik. 6:3,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HATRED — (Heb. שִׂנְאָה), overt or covert ill will. The Torah explicitly prohibits hatred of one s fellow in the verse Thou shall not hate thy brother in thine heart (Lev. 19:17). Hatred is understood by the rabbis as essentially a matter of mental… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH HA-LEVI BEI-RABBI HILLEL — JUDAH HA LEVI BEI RABBI HILLEL, medieval paytan, some of whose work was recently discovered in the Cairo Genizah. Judah s piyyutim are based on customs prevailing in Ereẓ Israel, which would indicate that he lived there or in Egypt, where there… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SCANDINAVIAN LITERATURE — The literary culture of the Scandinavian countries dates back about one millennium, the Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish languages having developed on separate paths from the original Germanic root from about the ninth century.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SHALOM, SHIN — (pseudonym of Shalom Joseph Shapira; 1904–1990), Hebrew poet and author. Born in Parczew, Poland, Shalom was a descendant of distinguished ḥasidic rabbis. He received a religious and secular education at his grandfather s court, which moved to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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